I’ve already explained how life in nature exists in opposite polarities. Light/darkness, male/female, sun/moon, life/death, and so on. Good and evil, however, are not a part of this fundamental structure of opposite polarities, because the concepts of good and evil are a product of society, not nature.They are just concepts, precisely. Love and hate are somehow in between being a “concept” and being real, because they do have a “natural” component, even though they are very temporary phenomenons, unlike light/darkness or life/death which are permanent.
One can love or hate out of genuine feelings, but one can also be completely indifferent. Love and hate may fade away, and in fact, they always do: they are rarely, if ever, something permanent. That’s how love/hate is different from something like light/darkness or life/death, for example. The difference is: light, darkness, life and death are permanent. They exist and keep existing regardless of how you feel or what you do.
Compared to love vs hate, the good vs evil duality is much more abstract and volatile, because it is not dependent on how you feel. It is rather related to how you think, which in turn is, inevitably, the by-product of how some other people think: your parents, your friends, your educators. In other words, not only good vs evil is just an abstract concept: it’s not even your concept.
Do good and evil really exist?
In reality, good and evil do exist, only under different names. Let’s reformulate our language to better match the real nature of things. What we call “good” is better defined as inclusive. What we call “evil” can be simply referred to as exclusive. Consider this: what does a traditionally “good” man do? He cares for others, he helps others in an unconditional way. He is one with, not separated from the rest of the people and the world around him. He feels what people feel, he is empathetic. He acts as if he was one with the world around him. And what does a traditionally “evil” man do? The exact opposite. He cares for himself only, not for others. If he helps others, it is only to gain an advantage for himself. He is separated from the rest of the people and the world around him, and he lacks empathy.
If you are all-one with the world, you’re what would be called “good”. If you’re separated from the world, you’re what would be called “evil”. That’s all there is to it, really. But according to this, most people I know would probably fit the “evil” profile, as it seems it’s in human nature to care for yourself (or your immediate family) only, even if that involves stepping over others. Actually, the truth is that no one is 100% “good” or 100% “evil”. Such is human nature that anyone can be edging towards one end or the other of the good/evil scale, perhaps at different times in their life, or even at different times of the day.
And how can anyone tell a “good” man from a “bad” man?
It’s not as easy as telling life from death, or light from darkness, or even male from female (and these days it’s actually harder than ever to tell male from female!). But this obstacle is exactly where you can find the greatest significance in the good vs evil duality. Perhaps even more significant than light vs darkness or life vs death. Because it’s certainly much easier to see light and even to see life, than to see good. Similarly, darkness is simply absence of light, and death is just the absence of life. They’re very easy to spot! But how can you tell good from evil?
To see good, you need to know what good is, and to see evil, you need to know evil, too. .All religions tell you that you need to be good, and to free yourself from evil. But I’m telling you something else. I’m saying: let the evil blossom within you as you let the good. Don’t judge the duality that naturally occurs within you. How can you see the good in you, the inclusive part of you, if you cannot see the exclusive? Only a truly spiritual individual can understand the importance of the good/evil dichotomy. Nietzsche fully understood the importance of going beyond this duality, as you can read in his “Beyond Good and Evil”. However, Nietzsche lacked the true quality of a spiritual man, and his effort was rather focused on trying to break away from morality and religion.
The hidden message in the Parable of the Tares
The parable of the Tares is one of Jesus’s most interesting parables. The original version of this parable is not in the authorized gospels, as it was considered too controversial by religious authorities, and it has been destroyed (officially “lost”). What we found in the Gospel of Matthew is a corrected version, modified to meet the Church’s version of good and evil, but Jesus’s original message was lost completely.
The version we can read in Matthew’ gospel tells the story about a mysterious saboteur who sowed weeds in a wheat field.
The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared. The owner’s servants came to him and said:
‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’
‘An enemy did this,’ he replied. The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’
‘No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.’
The original version of the parable, however, told a very different story:
While the master and his servants were sleeping, someone secretly sowed tares in the wheat field. The servants were all for pulling the tares right away, but the master instructed them to leave them growing with the wheat, so that they could be easily separated at harvest. The servants had a consultation between them, saying:
‘It would be much better if we could cut those weeds right now, but we must obey our master, even if he is wrong. In the meantime, let us look at the enemy who is doing this evil thing to our master. He is so kind to everyone, and does not deserve such treatment’. So the servants quietly inquired started searching all around the region, but they could not find anything.
At night, one of the servant approached the chief steward and said:
‘Sir, forgive me but I can no longer bear to conceal my secret. I know the enemy who sowed the tares. I saw him doing it’.
At this, the chief steward was astonished and furious. But before punishing the servant he demanded why he had not come forward sooner.
‘I dared not’, cried the servant. ‘I barely dared to come and tell you this even now. I was awake the night the weeds were sown. I saw the man who did it. He walked past me, seemingly awake, and yet asleep. He did not appear to recognize me, but I recognized him’.
‘And who was it, indeed?’ asked the chief steward in great excitement. ‘Tell me so he can be punished’.
The servant hung his head. Finally, in a low and fragile voice he replied:
‘It was the master himself’.
And the two agreed to say nothing of this to any man.
(Source:Awakening – The Outer -Discovery?)
You can see why this parable could not be admitted in the authorized scriptures. A master – Jesus – sowing bad weed in a wheat field? But the truth is, good can only exist if evil also exists. The reason why the master sowed the tares was to send a message to his servants (the disciples). That good and evil are two opposite poles, that need each other and complement each other. How else would you be able to tell the wheat from the tares, if you do not allow both to grow? There’s no other way.
The disciples wanted to pull the weeds right away. What a waste that could have been! They would have missed on the most signifcant realization. Anyone telling you to overcome evil with good, knows nothing about the true nature of good and evil. If you eradicate evil before it has the chance to grow, you’ll never be able to embrace good, either. No matter how controversial you might think this could be, both good and evil were created, and the existence of both should be cherished and appreciated.